First Aid For Burns At Home

Burns are caused when the skin gets damaged by radiation, heat, electricity or chemicals. There are four kinds of burns. First degree burns occurs when the outer most layer of the skin is damaged. Second degree burns occurs when the layer underneath the first layer gets damaged. Third degree burns occur when the deep inside tissues are affected and fourth degree burns occur when when the muscles and bones are also damaged along with the skin.


First aid for burns

First Aid for Burns 

  • Stop the burning process as quickly as you can. You can do this by removing the person from the area, putting water on flames, or smothering flames with a blanket. But be cautious and don’t put yourself at risk of getting burnt in order to help others.


  • Remove any clothing or jewelry near the burnt area of skin even the babies’ nappies. But don’t try to remove anything that’s stuck to the burnt skin or attached to the burnt part of the skin as this could cause more damage.


  • Never use ice or any creams or lotions on the burnt skin.


  • Keep yourself or the person warm. Use a blanket to keep the affected person warm but avoid putting it on the burnt area. This is important to do because it can prevent hypothermia in which a person’s body temperature drops below 35C.


  • Cover the burn with aluminium foil. Put the shiny surface of the foil in a layer over the burn, rather than wrapping it around a limb. This will subside the pain to an extent.


  • Reduce the pain from a burn with pain killers. You can give paracetamol or ibuprofen to the person to reduce the pain but make sure to check the manufacturer’s instructions when using the medication.


  • Sit upright to avoid swelling. Avoid lying down for as long as possible as this will help to reduce swelling especially if the burn is around eyes or face.

Home Remedies for Burns

Instead of panicking, you should do these simple home remedies to treat burns at home.

1. Cold Water

Cold water for burnsA lot of people are not aware how cold water can help to get relief from burn pain. It not only gives relief but also takes the redness away.

You need to… 

Immediately start pouring cold water onto the burnt part.  You have to do this till you feel the numbness on the burnt area. Keep repeating this for the whole day to relieve the discomfort. Remember not to use ice or ice cold water as it can restrict blood flow and can cause damage to the blood tissues.



2. Egg White

Egg white for burnsEgg white remedy is particularly for first or second degree burns. Because it heals the superficial layer of skin but can not heal the inner tissues and muscles. This remedy is very effective because it not only provides relief from burn pain but also reduces inflammation caused by the burns.

You need to… 

Take one egg white and separate yolk from white. Whip the egg white slightly and apply on the burnt part. Leave it therefor around one hour. You should apply the mixture after regular intervals throughout the day. This will help soothe the burnt area. And there will be no burn scar/mark left even after you wash the egg white.


3. Yogurt

Yogurt for burnsYogurt has natural healing properties. It works as an antidote and soothes the burnt area by its cooling properties.

You need to… 

Take one cup of yogurt and directly apply on the burnt area. Let it sit for at least half an hour to an hour.  After that wash off with cold water and repeat the process after an hour or so. This will quickly heal the burn and will also soothe down the pain caused by burn.


4. Aloe Vera Gel

Aloe Vera gel for burnsAloe gel is considered to be an effective remedy for skin problems. One of its properties is the effective treatment of burns. Just like all above mentioned ingredients, aloe gel also soothes pain without leaving any burn mark or scar.

You need to… 

If you have an aloe plant at home, directly take its gel out of the leaf. Whisk it with the help of a folk and directly apply it on the burn. If you have ready-made aloe gel, you can apply it too. Just leave it on the burn for at least an hour or so. This will give relief from burn and will quickly heal it too.


5. Toothpaste

Toothpaste for burnsThis remedy is one of the oldest and most effective remedies since ages. But this is applicable only on first and second degree burns. We have been following this remedy after minor burns and it works just like a burn-ointment.

You need to…

First soothe down the burn with cold water. After that directly apply the toothpaste on the burn and spread it into a thin layer. Let it sit for at least 1 to 2 hours. This will soothe down the burn and the pain will also go away gradually.


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